Team:TU Darmstadt/result/electrical engineering


Molecular engineering | Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering

Handheld development:

Our handheld contains an Arduino Uno Rev3 microcontroler which is connected to a HC-05 bluetooth module.Two LEDs are connected over 100 ohm resistances to digital ports on the Arduino Uno. One of the LEDs emitts radiation with a wavelength of 450 nm permanently during the detection process. The other LED emmits light of a wavelength at 575 nm but works as a photo diode. Sensing details are explained below.
Favorable for light intensity measurements, however, is to operate the LED in reverse direction. Here it behaves like a capacitor with a parallel light-dependent current source. The anode is connected to ground and the cathode is connected to an IO port pin of the arduino microcontroller.
The measurement is done in 3 steps:
1. LED charging by switching the pins on high and wait.
2.Moving the pins in high-impedance input (no pull-up!). The current now flows from the capacitor very slowly via the current source to GND. Therefore, the voltage drops steadily and drops so far that the microcontroller recognizes it as low.
3. The microcontroller measures the time, when the input falls to LOW
The shorter the time measured, the higher is the light intensity.

You can find our arduino code, open soure on the folowing site: Mycotoxin Handheld Arduino code

LED Sensing:

Light emitting diodes are robust, low-cost, and energy efficient. LEDs cover an increasingly broad spectral range from UV to near infrared. LEDs can be both light emitters and detectors. For example, an LED that emits greenish-yellow light at the peak wavelength of about 555 nm detects green light at the peak wavelength of about 525 nm and over the spectral width of 50 nm. Almost every LED is capable of detecting a relatively narrow band of wavelength, with different sensitivity. When an LED is subjected to light, it generates a backwards biased current, proportional to the light striking the diode, typical about 50pA. A precise measurement of the LED photocurrent is possible, using inherent capacitance of the diode itself (typically picoFarads) and microcontroller I/O ports with configurable internal pull-ups states and built-in digital timer-counter.

App development:

Click here for our mycotoxin detector App

Choose Mykotoxine The App offers a choice of various mycotoxins and supplemantary information. Additionally, it features a graphical diagramme of the meassured data. It supports bluetooth as well as usb, and can connect to external databases on previous messurements and analyses. Plug

Bluetooth communication:

For our handheld we use a HC-05 module from Frima LC Technology. This module is easy to connect with Arduino boards and, additionally, is low priced. The HC-05 module enables sending and receiving data from and to other devices via bluetooth. Bluetooth
"Bluetooth device"


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